A heat pump is a device that extracts heat from one place and transfers it to another. It is capable of providing heating to your home in the winter and cooling in the summer. Heat pumps work efficiently, because they simply transfer heat, rather than burn fuel to create it.
Using a heat pump will require less electricity as it only does the process of pumping heat rather than converting it. It is the most efficient alternative to fuel, oil, and electric systems in regard to both heating and cooling. The heat pump system also reduces your carbon emissions and has a relatively long life-span of up to 50 years.
How does a Heat Pump work?
A heat pump uses electricity and refrigerant to move heat from one location to another, through a cycle of evaporation and condensation. In cooling mode, a heat pump absorbs heat inside your home and releases it outdoors. In heating mode, it does the reversed version of the process: it absorbs heat from the ground or outside air and releases it indoors.
Types of Heat Pumps
The two most common types of heat pumps are the air source and geothermal heat pumps. Aside from the two main types, there are also the subtypes—the hybrid, solar, and gas absorption heat pump.
- Air Source Heat Pump
Air source heat pumps are inexpensive to install and commonly used. They absorb heat from the outside air to heat your home and hot water. They need electricity to run, but the heat output is greater than the electricity input since they extract renewable heat from the environment.
- Geothermal Heat Pump
If you have a large garden space outside, you could consider using a geothermal heat pump. The geothermal heat pump, also known as a ground source heat pump, takes advantage of thermal energy stored underground. The installation process needs excavation and installation of underground piping, making it pricier and more complicated.
- Heat Pump sub-types
Hybrid Heat Pump
A hybrid heat pump is a mixture of two separate devices. There are two types of hybrid systems—the ground and air heat pump combo, and the heat pump and gas/oil boiler combo.
Solar Heat Pump
A solar heat pump represents the combination of a heat pump and thermal solar panels in one integrated system. This system is quiet and comfortable.
Gas Absorption Heat Pump
Gas absorption heat pumps use the natural energy from the ground, air, and water, and turn it into a higher or lower temperature for heating or cooling. It achieves a lower carbon footprint and cost reduction.
Heat Pump Installation
It is important to know what you’re looking to get from your heat pump. The first step in the installation process is to determine what type of installation will suit your home based on the following factors:
- the size of the building lot
- available land space
- available energy supply source
Have a professional heat pump installer come to your home to check these. Once your installer is done gathering the information needed about your property, they’ll move indoors to check the important details about your home:
- the size of your home
- the existing heating system and ventilation
- dimensions and layout
- size and number of windows
- level of insulation
- weak spots in the house
After getting all the information needed, the heat pump installer can begin the actual installation process.
If you need further assistance, California Home Solutions have skilled and experienced technicians who know how to properly install a heat pump. Contact us and schedule now for our installation services.